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Treatment Protocol References


Caccialanza M, Piccinno R, Cappio F, Rozza M, & Mainardi L. Phototherapy of psoriasos of the scalp. Results in 21 patients with a special portable ultraviolet rays lamp. G Ital Dermaatol Venereol. 1989 Nov-Dec; 124(11-12):LXI-LVX

Coven TR, Burack LH, Gilleaudeau P, Keogh M, Ozaka M, & Krueger JG. Narrowband UV-B produces superior clinical and histopathological resolution of moderate-to severe psoriasis in patients compared with broadband UV-B2. Arch Dermatol 1997; 133(12): 1514-1522.

Do A & Koo J. Initiating Narrow-band UVB for the Treatment of Psoriasis. Psoriasis Forum, 2004; 10 (1).

Diffey B.L. Factors affecting the choice of a ceiling on the number of exposures with TL01 ultraviolet B Phototherapy. British Journal of Dermatology 149 (2), 428-430.

Feldman S. & Zanolli M. Phototherapy Treatment Protocols for Psoriasis and Other Phototherapy Responsive, Dermatoses, Second Edition. 2000.

Guidelines for dosimetry and calibration in ultraviolet radiation therapy: a report of a British Photodermatology Group workshop

Halder R, Taliaferro S. Vitiligo. In: Wolff K, Goldsmith L, Katz S, Gilchrest B, Paller A, Lefell D, eds. Fitzpatrick's Dermatology in General Medicine. Vol 1. 7th ed. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill; 2008:72.

Halder, R. Procedure for topical PUVA therapy for vitiligo. Howard University Hospital.

Hamzavi I, Jain H, McLean D, Shapiro J, Zeng H & Lui H. Parametric modeling of narrowband UV-B phototheapy for vitiligo using a novel quantitative tool. Arch Dermatol. 2004; 140 :677-683.

Kenney JA. Vitiligo treated by psoralens: a long-term study of the permanency of repigmentation, Arch Dermatol, 1971; 103:475.

Kumar Y, Rao G, Gopal K, Shanti G, Rao K. Evaluation of narrow-band UVB Phototherapy in 150 patients with vitiligo . Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 2009; 75: 162-6.

Leach EE, McClelland PB, Morgan P & Shelk J. Basic principles of photobiology and photochemistry for nurse phototherapists and phototechnicians. Dermatol Nurs. 1996; 8 (4):235-241

Lee E & Koo J. Modern modified 'ultra' Goeckerman therapy: a PASI assessment of a very effective therapy for psoriasis resistant to both prebiologic and biologic therapies. J Dermatol Treat. 2005 Apr;16(2):102-7.

Leone Dermatology Center, Chicago, IL, www.leonederm.com

Lerner, A.B. Vitiligo, JID. 1959; 32:285-310.

Lerner, A. Yale University - vitiligo treatment protocols

Lerman, S., Megaw, J., Willis, I. Potential ocular complications from PUVA therapy and their prevention. 1988; 74:197-199.

Menchini G, Lotti T, Tsoureli-Nikita E. UV-B narrowband micro Phototherapy. In: Lotti T, Hercogova J, eds. Vitiligo: Problems and Solutions. New York, NY: Marcel Dekker; 2004:323-34.

Mosher D.B. et al. Vitiligo; etiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment, in Update Dermatology in General Medicine, Edited by TB Fitzpatrick et al New York, McGraw Hill, 1983,205.

Mosher D. Approach to treatment of patients with vitiligo. Harvard University Department of Dermatology, Massachusetts General Hospital.

Njoo M.D, Westerhof W. Therapeutic guidelines for vitiligo. In: Lotti T, Hercogova J, eds. Vitiligo: Problems and Solutions. New York, NY: Marcel Dekker; 2004:235-52.

Nordlund, J.J. Guidelines of the Treatment of Patients with Vitiligo. University of Cincinnati/Department of Dermatology.

Orecchia, G. Dell University Dipavia clinica dermatologica. Guidelines for the treatment of vitiligo patients

Ortonne J.P. et al; Vitiligo and Other Hypelanoses of Hair and Skin, New York, Plenum Press, 1983.

Morgan P, McClelland PB, Leach EE, Shelk J. UVB Therapy: Dermatology Nursing Consideration. Dermatology Nursing, 1997; 9 (5): 309-319.

Pathak M.A. et al; Safety & Therapeutic Effectives of 8-methoxysoralen, 4,5,8-trimethylpsoralen, and psoralen in vitiligo, in Photobiologic, Toxicologic, and Pharmacologic Aspects of Psoralen edited by M.A. Pathak, National Cancer Institute Monograph 66, December 1984, 165.


Roenigk, Jr., H.H., and 12 Cooperating Study of Psoriasis. Program for Forty-First Annual Meeting for The Society of Investigative Dermatology, Inc. 1980; 74:250.

Shelk, J. Fundamentals of Phototherapy Workshop. Dermatology Nursing Association, 2008.

Shelk, J and Morgan, P. Narrowband UVB: A practical approach. Dermatological Nursing, December 2000 : 12.

Stern, R.S., Thibodeau, L.A., Kleinerman, R.A., Parrish, J.A., Fitzpatrick, T.B., and 22 Participating Investigators. Risk of Cutaneous Carcinoma in Patients Treated with Oral Methoxsalen Photochemotherapy for Psoriasis. NEJM. 1979: 809-813.

Stern, R.S., Parrish, J.A., Zierler, S. Skin Carcinoma in Patients with Psoriasis Treated with Topical Tar and Artificial Ultraviolet Radiation. Lancet: 1980; 732-735.

Stern, R.S., Laird, N., Melski, J., Parrish, J.A., Fitzpatrick, T.B., Bleich, H.L. Cutaneous Squamous-Cell Carcinoma in Patients Treated with PUVA. NEJM. 1984; 18:1156-1161.

van Weelden, H, Baart, d. l. F, Young, E, van der Leun, J. C. Comparison of narrow-band UV-B Phototherapy and PUVA photochemotherapy in the treatment of psoriasis. Acta Derm Venereol, 1990; 70 : 212-215

Weischer M, Blum A, Eberhard F, Rocken M, Berneburg M. No evidence for increased skin cancer risk in psoriasis patients treated with broadband or narrowband UVB Phototherapy: a first retrospective study.Acta Derm Venereol. 2004; 84(5):370-4.

Yones S, Der D, Palmer R, Garibaldinos T, and Hawk J. Randomized Double-blind trial of treatment of vitiligo: Efficacy of psoralen-UVA therapy vs narrowband-UVB therapy. Arch Dermatol, 2007; 143: 578-584.

Zinolli, M and Feldman, S. Phototherapy treatment protocols: For psoriasis and other Phototherapy responses dermatoses (2nd Ed.), 2005. Taylor and Francis.


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